All Types of Anemia with Full Anemia Definition Chart and Diagnosis

Types of Anemia with Full Anemia Definition is an approach to indicate the type of anemia using your laboratory results.

What you will find I this article:

  1. How can medicine classify each type of anemia?
  2. Can lab results predict the type of anemia?
  3. How can doctors deal with anemia when following blood test results?
  4. Define different types of anemia.

Different Anemia Types Definitions

Common Anemia definition is a medical condition characterized by a decrease in RBCs, hemoglobin, and hematocrit below the normal range for healthy people of the same age, sex, and race, and under similar environmental conditions.

Early Anemia signs include high ferritin level and normal iron level in the blood results as well as general weakness and fatigue.

Iron Deficiency Anemia definition is the commonest type of anemia worldwide, it’s a condition in which human blood lacks adequate healthy red blood cells because of inadequate iron levels to produce the cell’s hemoglobin.

  • Mild iron deficiency is unnoticed in CBC test results, however you may find low iron and normal hemoglobin,
  • but moderate iron deficiency anemia shows markedly decreased iron, iron stores (low ferritin), and hemoglobin, however iron deficiency anemia show general weakness and fatigue as well as pallor appearance.
  • Medical short form is IDA.
  • Best cure for iron deficiency anemia is dietary changes and Iron supplements, severe iron deficiency is curable after blood transfusion to raise hemoglobin levels firstly.

What is sickle cell anemia? define sickle cell anemia

Sickle Cell Anemia definition is a severe hereditary anemia that is common between African people, describe a group of inherited abnormal hemoglobin disorders.

  • Characterized by a crescent shaped red blood cells which have low ability to move and therfore block vessels, inability to carry enough oxygen and low life span in compared to those normal ones.
  • Medical short form of: SCA
  • What is the type of mutation that causes sickle cell anemia?
    What causes SCA anemia?
    Sickle cell anemia mutation is a change in one nucleotide in the gene for hemoglobin. Therefore, the hemoglobin in red blood cells distort to a sickle shape when deoxygenated.

Symptoms of sickle cell anemia:

  • Sickle cell crises is a medical term for Episodes of Pain due to SCA anaemia complications when blood vessels to any part of the body become blocked as a result of precipitation of illness RBCs.
  • Sickle cell pain may become severe and lasts for up to about 7 days.
  • Part of the body affected by sickle cell pain and crises, such as the: hands or feet (particularly in young children), legs and arms, pelvis, spine, ribs and breastbone.

What cure is for sickle cell anemia?

  1. A doctor visit every year is good recommendation for adult and kids over 2 years old.
  2. Reduce complications by rapid initiation of opioids for the treatment of vasoocclusive crisis.
  3. Also analgesics and physical therapy is for the treatment of avascular necrosis.
  4. Blood transfusion therapy to increase hemoglobin levels to 10 g/dL.
  5. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the best cure for sickle cell Anemia.

Thalassemia defintion

It is an inherited blood disease in which the RBCs hemoglobin is abnormal

Inherited means passed from parents to children through genes.

Types of thalassemia and causes:

Alpha thalassemia occurs when alpha globin protein genes are missing or changed or mutated.

Beta thalassemia occurs when the beta globin protein production is affected by similar gene defects.

Best Treatment:

  • Moderate or severe thalassemia treatment is blood transfusions.
  • Iron Chelation Therapy.
  • Folic Acid Supplements.
  • Transplantation of Blood and Marrow Stem Cell.

Define aplastic anemia

Aplastic anemia is a medical condition that occurs when the human body stops producing new blood cells. Aplastic anemia therefore causing Pancytopenia which is a deficiency of all three blood cell types: red blood cells count (its medical term is anemia), white blood cells count (its medical term is leukopenia), and platelets count (its medical term is thrombocytopenia).

Onset of Aplastic anemia: may be brief or become chronic, may come on suddenly or progress slowly over months.
Aplastic anemia can be deadly when it is severe and last for long time or due to receiving a treatment with a bone marrow transplant from an unrelated donor

Causes of Aplastic Anemia: there’re three main causes of this types of anemic forms;

  1. Autoimmune illness at which the body’s cells begin to attack themselves without an obvious reason, therefore Aplastic Anemia is a secondary disease.
  2. After some treatment: prolonged and wrong usage of antibiotics can cause Aplastic Anemia, also treatment programs for rheumatoid arthritis is another reason.
  3. Viral infections therefore can initiate Anaemic forms.

Treatment of Aplastic Anaemia:

Aplastic Anemia can be curable by:

  • Blood transfusion
  • Immune system suppressant which can’t cure Aplastic Anemia but can be beneficial to reduce complications.
  • Receive a bone marrow transplant from a sibling survive.

What is Hemolytic Anemia?

Hemolytic anemia definition is a medical condition in which RBCs is destroyed and/or removed from circulation before completing its normal life span, yellowish face appearance is a strong marker of severe hemolytic anemia due to elevated bilirubin levels in the blood.

What causes hemolytic anemia?

What is hemolysis and why does it occur?

  1. When red blood cells rupture or destroyed forcedly due to accidents or trauma to vessels.
  2. Infections by streptococcus species.
  3. Some pain relieving treatments lead to hemolysis of blood cells as well as chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
  4. Inherited hemolytic anemia.
  5. Babies born with hemolytic anemia due to rapid destruction of their blood cells.

The cure of hemolytic anemia depends on the causative agent.

Pernicious anemia definition is a reduction in red blood cells count due to poor absorption of vitamin B12 by intestines
Causes: lack of the protein intrinsic factor (IF) which medicates Vitamin B12 absorption, however celiac disease and intestine ulcers may lead to IF deficiency.

Best treatment for pernicious anemia:

The medical term “pernicious” means “deadly”, this is because of difficulty of vitamin B12 therapy before, but now it’s easy to take Vitamin b12 injections.

What does anemic mean?

Clinical classifications systems of types of anemia

  • Retics, Mcv, and RDW approach.
  • Causing agent approach: the three main types of anemia are due to blood loss, decreased red blood cell production, and increased red blood cell breakdown.
  • Common anemia types by age and condition.

Common types of anemia chart by age:

Types of Children Anemia

  • Anemia due to poor diet.
  • Anemia following the infection by worms such as the Enterobius vermicularis and giardia lambilia.
  • Iron deficiency anemia due to growth demands during childhood and adolescence.
  • Kids born with abnormal hemoglobin diseases such as Sickle cell anemia, thalassemia,

Types of Women Anemia

Mixed Iron deficiency anemia, Vitamin B12 and folate deficiency due to lactation, during pregnancy, and menses.

Old men and women anemia types

  • Anemia due to chronic Inflammation
  • The Anemia due to age diseases such as patients with liver or kidney illness.

Anemia types of any age

  • Anemia due to leukemia and following chemotherapy treatment
  • Prolonged inflammation or long lasting treatment is a causative of anemia
  • Bleeding due to any reason.

What is the difference between hemorrhage and hemolysis?

Hemorrhage means bleeding but hemolysis means red blood cells rupture.

CBC Blood Test system to know the Types of Anemia

The best anemia classification is the system based on the absolute reticulocytes count.

Reticulocytes are cells which newly released from the bone marrow at which cells are made.
Those cells develop after the nucleated red blood cells lose their nucleus at the end of maturation stages, reticulocyte circulate through the bloodstream 1 or 2 days before developing into mature red blood cell.

The absolute reticulocytes count indicates bone marrow regeneration and compensation rate during blood loss and anemia.

What does it mean when I have low hemoglobin level and high reticulocytes count?

Low hemoglobin values mean anemia, and high reticulocytes means how fast bone marrow make new red blood cells instead of the lost ones during bleeding or acute anemia.

As a result, both anemia and high reticulocytes count indicate excessive blood loss, RBCs loss causes include:

Acute hemorrhage such as Acute gastrointestinal bleeding (Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB)) and Cerebral hemorrhage which is a bleeding inside the brain tissue.

Red blood cells Hemolysis, which can be caused through two paths:
1- Intrinsic causes:

  • RBC Membrane defects
  • Hemoglobinopathies
  • Hb E disease/trait
  • Enzyme deficiencies

2- Extrinsic causes:

  • Immune hemolytic anemias
  • Microangiopathic hemolytic anemias (TTP, HUS, DIC)
  • Macroangiopathic hemolytic anemias (traumatic cardiac hemolysis)
  • Infectious agents (malaria, babesiosis)
  • Drugs, chemicals, venoms, extensive burns

What is meaning of low hemoglobin level and low or normal reticulocytes count?

Low hemoglobin always indicate anemia; however low or normal reticulocytes count means decreased or ineffective RBC production by bone marrow.

So that, to know what is the type of anemia that is caused by a faulty red cells production, we should learn another indicator of anemia type which is called MCV.

MCV means mean corpuscular volume and indicates the average size of red blood cells.

First condition: If MCV is low (less than 80 fL),

it means the red cells that produced by bone marrow is small in size which has a medical term “microcytosis”.

The types of microcytic anemia:

  • iron deficiency anemia (IDA) which caused by low iron level in the blood in compared to normal iron levels.
  • inability to utilize iron (chronic inflammatory states),
  • globin synthesis defect (thalassemia Hb E disease/trait),
  • and heme synthesis defect (sideroblastic anemia, lead poisoning).

All microcytic anemia types are caused by conditions that result in reduced hemoglobin synthesis.

Second condition:

When MCV is high (over 100 fL), it means the bone marrow produce red cells that looks larger than normal size of RBCs, the medical term for high MCV is “macrocytosis”

Types of Macrocytic Anemia:

  • Vitamin B12 deficiency caused by Pernicious Anemia.
  • Folate deficiency anemia that is due to malabsorption secondary to inflammatory bowel disease.
  • Aplastic anemia which means bone marrow failure to produce cells.
  • Myelodysplastic syndrome
  • Erythroleukemia
  • Chronic liver disease
  • Some drugs

All megaloblastic anemias are caused by such conditions that impair synthesis of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).

Third Condition:

When MCV results are between 80 and 100 fL, it means normal RBCs size or the CBC test rule out a dimorphic population of microcytes and macrocytes. The medical term for normal MCV is “normocytic”.

The causes of normocytic anemia:

Hemolytic anemia that comes from premature destruction and shortened survival of RBCs, whereas there is elevated reticulocyte count and normal MCV but with elevated RDW.

Have you known the RDW meaning? what is RDW?

Fourth Condition: Decreased RBCs production which characterized by decreased reticulocyte count and normal MCV.

Causes of normocytic anemia with low reticulocytes count

  • Aplastic anemia
  • Anemia of renal disease
  • Myelophthisic anemia
  • Infection (parvovirus B19)
  • Anemia of chronic inflammation

Pathophysiologic Classification of Types of Anemia

Types of anemia by the causative agent of anemia

First type:

Anemia Types which come from Decreased Production of Red Blood Cells

Hematopoietic stem cell failure: acquired and hereditary aplastic anemia.

Functional impairment of erythroid progenitors:

  1. The Disturbance of DNA synthesis: megaloblastic anemia.
  2. Disturbance of hemoglobin synthesis: iron deficiency anemia, thalassemia, sideroblastic anemia, anemia of chronic inflammation.
  3. Proliferation and differentiation of erythroid precursors: anemia of renal failure, anemia associated with marrow infiltration.

Second type:

Anemia Types come from Increased Red Blood Cell Destruction or Loss

Intrinsic abnormality

  1. Membrane defect: hereditary spherocytosis, hereditary elliptocytosis, pyropoikilocytosis, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria.
  2. Enzyme deficiency: glucose­6­phosphate dehydrogenase defciency, pyruvate kinase deficiency.
  3. Globin abnormality: sickle cell anemia, other hemoglobinopathies .

Extrinsic abnormality

  1. Immune causes: warm­type autoimmune hemolytic anemia, cold agglutinin disease, paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria, transfusion reaction, hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn.
  2. Nonimmune red blood cell injury: microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, hemolytic uremic syndrome, Hemolysis, elevated-liver-enzymes-and-low-platelets syndrome (HELLP syndrome), disseminated intravascular coagulation), macroangiopathic hemolytic anemia (traumatic cardiac hemolysis), infectious antigens (malaria, babesiosis, bartonellosis, clostridial sepsis), other injury (chemicals, drugs, venoms, extensive burns)
  3. Blood loss: acute blood loss anemia.

Quick dictionary definition of medical terms used in this article

  • DIC, Disseminated intravascular coagulation;
  • Hb, hemoglobin;
  • HUS, hemolytic uremic syndrome;
  • RBC, red blood cell;
  • TTP, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.
  • SCA, Sickle cell Anemia or sickle cell disease.
  • IDA, Iron deficiency anemia or disease.
Summary for different types of anemia:
  • Clinical diagnosis of anemia is based on history, physical examination, signs, symptoms, and laboratory test results.
  • Many anemias have common manifestations.
  • Careful questioning of the patient may reveal contributing factors such as diet, medications, occupational hazards, and bleeding history.
  • A thorough physical examination is valuable in determining the cause of anemia. Some of the areas that should be evaluated are skin, nail beds, eyes, mucosa, lymph nodes, heart, and size of the spleen and liver.
  • Moderate types of anemia may not manifest clinical symptoms if the onset is slow.
  • Severe types of anemia at which the hemoglobin concentration is less than 7 g/dL usually produce symptoms such as pallor, dyspnea, vertigo, headache, muscle weakness, lethargy, hypotension, and tachycardia.
  • Laboratory procedures helpful in the diagnosis of anemia include CBC with RBC indices and RDW, reticulocyte count, examination of the peripheral blood film with emphasis on RBC morphology.

Next:

  • How to know you are anemic?
  • Anemia Levels Chart.
  • Low Iron levels explained.

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Iron Blood Test and Normal Iron Levels Chart by Age

A quick summary of iron blood test:

  • Serum iron blood test measures how much iron inside the body.
  • Ferritin test measures how much iron is stored inside cells.
  • TIBC test (total iron-binding capacity) measures all proteins needed to link iron including transferrin (means the total transferring available).
  • UIBC test (unsaturated iron-binding capacity) measures how much iron for saturation of transferrin.
  • Transferrin saturation is a calculated percentage to tell how much transferrin is full with iron.
  • Morning iron is higher than the rest of the day’s iron levels by 30%.
  • 67% of the body’s iron is inside hemoglobin in red blood cells, other iron is bound to transferrin in blood or ferritin in bone marrow, or stored in more body tissues.
  • 3.5% of the total iron in the body is inside Muscles as myoglobin.
  • 27% of all iron inside cells are stored in Ferritin & hemosiderin.
  • Children and women need more of iron than adult men that’s because children need iron for growth, also woman has menses bleeding every month.

Did You know: What does anemic mean?

Sorry Iron tests is a long story, please bookmark this page and read carefully to understand your case better.

What causes iron deficiency?

You have iron deficiency anemia when your lab results are lower than normal levels as seen in iron blood test results.

Causes of shortage of iron in the body include:

  1. Body lose iron through excessive urination, exfoliating of old skin cells, defecation, and sweating.
  2. Poor diets that has insufficient iron and essential elements.
  3. Imbalanced diet and vegetarian diets only contain non-heme iron, which is difficult for absorption.
  4. Iron uptake problem when you have stomach or intestine diseases.
  5. Losing Iron through intended blood loss through heavy bleeding, injuries, during surgery, or repeated blood drawings.
  6. High demand for iron during pregnancy, breastfeeding, adolescence, and bodybuilding programs.
  7. Excess loss of iron through monthly bleeding in women, gastrointestinal bleeding through ulcers and cancers.

How doctors write iron tests?
Doctors usually write: Fe Tests, Iron Indices, iron test, iron panel, Fe+2; Ferric ion; Fe++, Ferrous ion, ferrous test, Iron – serum; Anemia – serum iron; Hemochromatosis – serum iron

Iron tests panel include: Serum Iron, Ferritin; TIBC, UIBC and Transferrin; Zinc Protoporphyrin; Complete Blood Count; Hemoglobin; Hematocrit; Reticulocyte Count; Soluble Transferrin Receptor

When to do iron tests?
If you’re complaining of one or more of the following, then you should test for iron deficiency:

  • Fatigue and unexplained weakness are common signs you should test iron.
  • Pale skin, a tingling or crawling feeling in the legs, shortness of breath, and dizziness are signs of severe anemia and marked iron shortage.
  • When a child has strange cravings to eat non-food items, I mean dirt, ice, or clay then it’s the time to know how much iron your kid has.

What is serum iron in blood test?

Serum iron is a medical laboratory test means how much total iron is in your blood, for best evaluation of body’s content of iron the doctor must request all anemia test including; serum iron, TIBC, Ferritin, transferrin, and transferrin saturation tests.

Do you have to fast for an iron blood test?

Here’s what to do before taking a blood test for iron:

  • 8 hours fasting before a blood test for iron, TIBC, or transferrin.
  • Ferritin test don’t need fasting before taking it.
  • Pause iron pills 24 hours before testing time.

Read: all fasting blood test lists.

When to take iron blood test during the day?

  • The best time to do iron tests is in the morning, when iron levels are at highest levels.
  • Serum Iron level has diurnal variation. Morning iron levels are 30% higher than the whole day iron levels, because of Iron fluctuations during the day, serum iron test need more medical tests in order to indicate anemia.
  • Full list: when to take a blood test?

What is the difference between iron and hemoglobin?

In a brief, hemoglobin consists of four iron atoms. Anemia diagnosis made upon measuring the levels of hemoglobin and iron together along with other diagnostic tests.

  • Hemoglobin is the protein in red blood cells that carries inhaled oxygen from the lungs to the all organs, and returns carbon dioxide from the tissues back to the lungs to exhale.
  • Consists of four protein molecules connected with four atoms of iron that can bind four atoms of oxygen.
  • Iron is a trace element inside the red blood cells and other organs.
  • Building hemoglobin during red cells production process that called hematopoiesis needs Iron.
  • Iron mediates many other biochemical reactions in the body.

Have a look at: Normal hemoglobin levels

Normal Iron Levels Chart by Age

Explain: What is a normal iron level in blood test? what should your iron level be
Normal Ranges for Iron Tests Commonly Used to Assess Anemia (same for male and female, except noted)

Normal Iron Levels Chart by Age

TestReference Interval
Serum Iron for Adult men70-175 mcg/dL); SI:12.5-31.3 mcmol/L
Serum Iron for Adult women50-150 mcg/dL; SI Units: 8.9-26.8 mcmol/L
Serum Iron for children 6 mo–2 yr50-120 mcg/dL; SI Units: 9.0-21.5 mcmol/L
Total iron-binding capacity250-460 µg/dL; SI units: 45–82 µmol/L
Percent Transferrin saturation for maleMale: 30–50%
Percent Transferrin saturation for femaleFemale: 20–35%
Serum Transferrin200–430 mg/dL; SI units: 2–3.8 g/L
Serum ferritin, male15-400 ηg/mL
Serum ferritin, female10-106 ηg/mL
Serum ferritin, child elder than 1 7–140 ng/mL
Free serum hemoglobin0-10 mg/dL

What causes high iron in the blood test?

Hemochromatosis means too much iron in the body and results are higher than normal ranges.

If the test is correct, the too much iron in the body can make iron toxicity, common causes

  1. Too much blood transfusions will cause iron level decline.
  2. Hemolytic anemia: too much red blood cells destruction.
  3. Cirrhosis or necrosis: Liver tissue death.
  4. Hepatitis: Inflammation of the liver.
  5. Iron poisoning and more serious complications in people taking iron to lower stress.

Difference between Hemosiderosis and hemochromatosis

Both are iron overload disorders:

  • Hemosidrosis is abnormal deposition of hemosiderin in tissues. Hemosiderin is an iron-containing compound. It’s often associated with frequent blood transfusions in addition to extensive destruction of red blood cells such as sickle cell anemia and thalassemia.
  • Hemochromatosis is an inherited or acquired iron metabolism disorder. Means that the body accumulates more iron than its need and can’t excrete the excess iron, leading to iron overload and dysfunction or failure of several organs; including heart, liver, pancreas. Hemochromatosis increases skin pigmentation that called “bronzing.”

What is the role of Iron in the Body?

Human being depends on a sufficient amount of iron that is must be circulating in our blood stream, iron is needed for:

  1. Moving oxygen around your body, and transport carbon dioxide back to exhalation from lungs.
  2. Haematopoiesis, which is the building process of RBC specifically used inside hemoglobin.
  3. In the conversion of blood sugar to energy, which benefits athlete muscles during exercises.
  4. The production of enzymes inside cells.
  5. Iron contributes to normal cognitive function in children and immune system depends on iron.

What do iron blood test results mean?

The common question between clinicians, medical students, and most people is; what does iron blood test results mean?

What’s the relationship between Iron, ferritin, TIBC, transferrin, and TRSF saturation?

Here’s a clarification based on medical consultations.

Iron and ferritin results meaning:

  • If Iron levels increase, ferritin level increase and transferrin level decrease.
  • If Iron levels decrease, ferritin level decrease and transferrin level increase.

The total iron-binding capacity

It is the amount of iron that is in demand to fully saturate transferrin.

  • Normal TIBC value means 100% transferrin saturation with available iron.
  • Total iron-binding capacity short form is TIBC.
  • TIBC result is a useful marker in diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia and iron deficiency due to chronic disease,
  • Elevated TIBC is an indicative of iron deficiency anemia (IDA).
  • Low TIBC is a marker of anemia that is due to chronic disease.

UIBC is the unsaturated iron binding capacityrepresents the additional amount of iron that can be bound or the empty sites from iron on transferrin protein.

UIBC calculation from the equation: UIBC = TIBC – iron

Transferrin Saturation Percentage is a medical laboratory value represents the saturation ratio of transferrin with iron atoms in the serum.

  • Transferrin Saturation equation: Transferrin Saturation % = ( Serum iron x 100 )/ TIBC
    The actual amount of iron found on transferrin (serum iron) divided by the total amount of iron fully saturated the transferrin (TIBC)
  • The normal range of transferrin saturation % is 20 – 50%.

What does Transferrin saturation% resultss mean?

  • Transferrin saturation% means how much serum iron has links with transferrin.
  • According to normal range, it is normal that the ratio of iron bound to transferrin protein in normal conditions is 20 – 50%, means that 50-70% of transferrin sites normally do not contain iron (empty, unsaturated sites)
  • If Transferrin saturation is less than 20%, then the iron deficiency is more likely.
  • If Transferrin saturation is more than 50%, then the iron overload is more likely.

Example of clarification:

If we assume that transferrin has 200 sites to bind the amount of iron.

If the transferrin has 50 iron atoms bound, and 150 of the sites are empty or not attached to any iron atom, this means that:

  • 50% is the ratio of iron bound to transferrin in the blood = serum Iron value.
  • 25% is the ratio of saturated iron = Transferrin Saturation %.
  • 150 is the empty sites of iron on transferrin = UIBC
  • 200 is the iron required to 100% saturation of transferrin = TIBC

Mentzer index

  • Medical Lab equation.
  • Used for differentiation between iron deficiency anemia and Mediterranean anemia.
  • Mentzer index formula = MCV/ RBCs count

What do Mentzer results mean?

  • Mentzer index that is greater than 13, thus iron deficiency anaemia is more likely.
  • If Mentzer index is lower than 13, thus beta thalassemia is more likely.

Blood tests for anemia include:

  • Complete blood count: includes hemoglobin, hematocrit that means the mass of red blood cells, and red cells count.
  • CBC test includes 4 RBC’s estimated parameters: MCV that represents the size of cells, MCH that means the mass of hemoglobin in all RBCs, MCHC that reflects the density of hemoglobin in each RBC, and RDW estimates the distribution of RBC’s sizes.
  • CBC test is test of choice to monitor anemia level.
  • low hemoglobin levels and low hematocrit means Anemia.
  • Doctors usually request iron blood test after discovering there is anemia in CBC results.

Haven’t know What is RBC?

Reticulocyte count (Retics):

  • Measures absolute count or percentage of reticulocytes in a stained smear of a blood sample.
  • The final stage of immature red blood cells is the Reticulocytes.
  • Reticulocytes count means how much bone marrow is compensating red cells loss.

What does reticulocyte count results mean?

  • Low Reticulocyte count in iron deficiency anemia and increase to the normal range after a course of treatment.
  • High Reticulocyte count in hemolytic anemia.

What is your Iron blood test results?

What Does Anemic Mean? Anemic Definition

Anemic definition and what does anemic means?

How can you tell if you are anemic?

I am feel dizzy, went to doctor office and said I might be anemic.

So I did a hemoglobin blood test, Hb test results tell I have anemia.

What does being anemic mean?

Can I have anemia even when I eat meat around 2 to 3 times a week?

The anemic person is the one who suffering from anemia, anemic condition describes the face, you describe a man is anemic face when you see his face is colorless, bloodless, pale, pallid, wan, ashen, gray, sallow, pasty-faced, whey-faced, peaked, sickly, or etiolated.

Anemia definition

Anemia is a condition that develops when your blood has low red blood cells count or low hemoglobin levels in the complete blood count test.

What does anemic mean?

When your doctor tells that you’re anemic or have anemia in the blood, this means inadequate red blood cells which carry oxygen and nutrients through the whole body, as a result you look pallor and feel one or more of these signs and symptoms:

  1. Weakness.
  2. Pale skin.
  3. Headache.
  4. Dizziness or lightheadedness.
  5. Extreme fatigue.
  6. Cold hands and feet.
  7. Chest pain, fast heartbeat or shortness of breath.
  8. Inflammation or soreness of your tongue.
  9. Brittle nails.

what does anemic mean

What is RBC?

  • Red blood cells are biconcave corpuscular shaped and contain hemoglobin molecules which give the RBCs the red color.
  • Hemoglobin function is to carry inhaled oxygen to the lungs and return attached with carbon dioxide to the lungs to exhale.
  • Red blood cells function is to carry nutrients from blood to enrich tissues and return with waste products to kidney and liver to reprocess or excrete.

What happens when you are anemic?

Low hemoglobin level in the blood cause insufficient oxygen supply to the tissues which makes you weak and pallor.

Low red blood cells count is the main cause of severe anemia as in extreme blood loss.

Abnormal red blood cells in shape and size is a cause of anemic condition, as the RBCs can’t perform their transporting function properly.

What does anemic mean in pregnancy?

When pregnant is anemic it means she is suffering from insufficient red blood cells and hemoglobin due to:

  • Poor nutrition by intended diet or the neglect of eating meals on time when you’re hungry.
  • Lack of natural nutrients in each meal
  • Lack of your daily meals of iron, vitamin B12 and folic acid.
  • Loss of appetite in pregnancy can lead to anemic pregnant and results in baby growth difficulties.

Why Am I Cold? Could It Be Anemia? Could It Be Diabetes?

The common question in the world.

Yes, when you feeling cold you probably anemic or diabetic.

How to tell am I anemic or diabetic?

The best suggestion comes from blood test results, do complete blood count test which includes RBCs, WBCs, Platelets, hemoglobin count, and blood sugar test.

  • Normal hemoglobin level means you are not anemic.
  • Low hemoglobin level means you are anemic.
  • Low RBC count, low hematocrit and low hemoglobin together means sever anemic.

Why am I anemic?

  • When there is no enough iron and vitamins your bone marrow can’t build enough healthy red blood cells, which means loss of normal blood cells levels.
  • When you’re suffering prolonged blood loss by an opened wound.
  • Inability of bone marrow to produce healthy blood cells due to tumors.

Types of anemia:

Your body normally don’t get anemic by its own, there are many reasons to be anemic.

  • Iron deficiency anemia is the common anemic reason in women especially pregnant.
  • Megaloblastic anemia means low vitamin B12 and low folate levels, both are used to make up cells.
  • Sever bleeding through cuts can lead to marked anemic condition and general blood loss.
  • Menstruation is the commonest physiological blood loss and anemic woman without a disease.

Conclusion of what does anemic mean:

Anemic means loss of blood naturally or by intended reason.

You can’t die from anemia.

Minerals, iron, vitamins are essential anemia supplements.

You can tell us your anemia number and we explain for free.

10 Blighted Ovum HCG Levels Must Know

Blighted ovum HCG levels with doubling time and rising levels of the pregnancy hormone.

From real case’s complications:

  • A woman done her first pregnancy test and show a faint line which means weak positive pregnancy.
  • After a week, cramps and slight bleeding.
  • In the emergency ward at the local hospital, the Gynecologist done an internal ulstrasound and can’t see any sac.
  • She told the doctor that she’s in the week 6 and 3 days.
  • At the clinic one day later, the Gunecologist repeated the ultrasound scanning with transvaginal probe and found a little white speck in the sac.
  • Tomorrow at laboratory: take a quantitative beta subunit HCG blood test and the results show rising HCG levels at 5 weeks and 5 days post LMP.

The woman told me that she was worried and confused about the conflicts of BHCG levels and ultrasound.

The first doctor recommended methotrexate upon diagnosis as ectopic pregnancy but the second doubling HCG blood test with white dot sac suggests a blighted ovum which require a dilation and curettage procedure.

What’s the opinion of medical science?

What blighted ovum is?

A blighted ovum is an early pregnancy failure after the fertilized ovum attached to the uterine but failed to develop an embryo even after 14 week LMP. That’s why I have blighted ovum pregnancy?

When blighted ovum is occurred during the pregnancy?

A blighted ovum occurs during the early pregnancy term (the first trimester), may be the woman didn’t know that she’s pregnant yet.

Do HCG levels double with blighted ovum?

Blighted ovum HCG levels still rise and high but not doubling enough as in normal pregnancy, blighted ovum symptoms is the same with normal pregnancy. lack of symptoms of blighted ovum is common.

From a real blood work for a pregnant women:

At 5 weeks HCG level 680, after 48 hour HCG level 1800, no sac on ultrasound, no bleeding and no cramps.

Had a blighted ovum?

Answer: The case is for a normal pregnancy till now and the time scale can’t tell the right expectation, the advice is to wait until the week 8 at least.

Full: HCG level chart

At 20 weeks blighted ovum HCG levels:

Ultrasound noticed one inch empty sac, still feel pregnant even blood pregnancy test is negative and urine pregnancy test is negative too.

Felt a baby in my belly, discharges from my breast when squeezed.

Can be a blighted ovum even after 12 weeks?

The Answer: A small sac with nothing in it and HCG level below 5 units after 5 weeks must refer to a blighted ovum. You had missed miscarriage. Get the Ob/Gyn advice for natural miscarriage or by D&C operation.

 blighted ovum hcg levels ultrasound

What to do for blighted ovum management?

If your body still acting as you’re pregnant, doctors would recommend to wait few days until the body passes this anembryonic (no embryo) pregnancy naturally.

And can conceive as close as the next week, as the period is due within a month and HCG levels can back after nearly two weeks.

If you’ve blighted ovum conception your doctor will have two options, the pills or surgery.

You shouldn’t be scary of D & C, it’s for your safety. The sac would expel by it’s own but remnants in the uterine may cause infection, so that the D & C would be beneficial to avoid complications.

But woman must wait three consecutive cycles before trying to conceive again, the reason is to allow the uterine lining to rebuilt itself in the way to sustain another pregnancy.

What to do with blighted ovum hcg levels and ultrasound?

Blighted ovum is difficult to see on ultrasound until the week 10 LMP.

Blighted ovum HCG levels 5 weeks LMP is within expected levels for normal pregnancy.

Even with no embryo inside the sac the placenta and corpus luteum continue to produce pregnancy hormone at early pregnancy.

At week 4 and 5 a yolk sac and fetal pole but no heartbeat, heart beat is the baby’s life determining factor inside you.

You would find heart beat after week 11, and only babies with heart beat deemed live.

See: HCG level ultrasound and heart beat chart

What to do for blighted ovum with HCG levels rising?

Most woman scarred after week 9 with no bleeding or pregnancy, so please understand first.

If you have or expect a blighted ovum just relax and retest BHCG blood test and ultrasound until the week 12.

Confirm blighted ovum after week 14 with low HCG levels, no visible embryo sac, and no heart beat.

Never rely on the sac size small or big or how sac is measuring when it’s empty.

 

When do hcg levels drop with blighted ovum?

From 4 to 7 weeks and up to 12 weeks for some women after a successful m/c or d/c operation, beta subunit HCG test after d/c can predict the dropping rate of HCG levels after blighted ovum miscarriage.

Read: HCG levels after miscarriage

We’re welcome to explain your pregnancy blood test results.