How to read your blood glucose results and how to interpret glucose levels using simple and easy sugar chart for all ages and conditions, below is blood glucose level map in mmol/l unit (used in uk) and determined values in mg/dl unit (used in USA, Canada, and world wide). here is what should your blood sugar level be.
I’ve seen many questions out there such as:
What is normal blood sugar level for adults man or woman, are kids sugar levels chart different than old person sugar, what is the standard glucose value to adjust my sugar level, have my glucose treatment succeeded, do I still in danger of high glucose values?, blood glucose levels for non fasting males and females?, What is the blood sugar range for a non diabetic person?, are morning blood sugar levels is diabetes or non diabetic?, what is safe sugar level during pregnancy?, Do glucose in blood rise after eating or be normal? How bad is my blood glucose level?
And others like that, just follow my guideline
Estimate your sugar level in the lab
After receiving lab work results, just look to your lab report and save in your mind the numbers typed right in front of test name called one of these:
Blood Glucose (no common and usually preceded by type of sample as following below)
Serum Glucose (“serum or blood” in medical reports for glucose test may be used as synonymous, also S. before the test name means “serum” and Bl. for “blood”)
Random blood glucose (Levels of sugar in the blood of a person at ant time of the day except fasting)
Fasting Blood Glucose (sugar level in patient’s blood after fasting from 6 -8 hours or overnight fasting)
2h Postprandial Glucose (estimating how sugar reaches its level in blood two hours after eating a usual meal)
Identifying a glucose range in sugar levels table
Print that glucose levels table or fix screen to make it in front of your eyes
Do not look around, just keep your focus on the figures in the report and compare it to the level ranges sorted in the sugar chart.
Describe you diabetic condition
Once you find a corresponding glucose range to your level in the glucose test results, then by now you’ve found what your sugar levels are whether you have a normal sugar or abnormal levels or whatever it be, it going to describe your diabetic status, I mean are you diabetic or non-diabetic, if diabetic how to control diabetes level to reach the normal blood sugar figures, if non-diabetic then everything is great.
Set control blood sugar levels during Diabetes, pregnancy, childhood, and for every type of diabetes mellitus.
|Type1,2 Blood Sugar levels chart in mg/dl and mmol/L Vs urine glucose amounts|
|1000||55.56||+++++||Rare but possible, ridiculously high sugar in alive person, long period in that level lead to death|
|700||38.89||+++++||700 or higher is possible, unless the patient admitted it will be among the dead|
|600||33.33||+++++||High mortality rates and passing out for a long time (coma),|
|500||27.78||++++||Critical Value with seriuos complications which requires fast medical desician|
|400||22.22||+++||Dangerous blood sugar levels chart starts in counting, immediate sugar control is must|
|300||16.67||++||Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, HBA1c test is required to start medication course|
|200||11.11||+||Diagnostic glucose level, person with random blood sugar 200 mg/dl is called “Diabetes”|
|180||10.00||+/trace||high glucose value for RBG test and control level for children type 1 DM|
|162||9.00||trace/nill||Target Postprandial sugar level for type 1|
|153||8.50||trace/nill||Target 2hpp sugar Level for Type 2 diabetes mellitus|
|150||8.33||nill||Normal glucose results for Random non fasting sugar measurement|
|144||8.00||nill||Fasting children type1 upper sugar level|
|140||7.78||nill||upper limit of normal random blood glucose results|
|126||7.00||nill||Diagnostic fasting blood sugar is 126 mg/dl and higher, entry level to diabetes|
|125||6.94||nill||Upper Normal glucose limit allowed for fasting|
|110||6.11||nill||At fasting suggests Prediabetic and impairment of glucose or DM person need more control|
|108||6.00||nill||After 6 – 8 hours fasting sample is Prediabetic suggestive|
|107||5.94||nill||Acceptable range, Person is non-diabetic still in normal range of sugar in blood|
|100||5.56||nill||Excellent Normal sugar level for healthy people or a person have tightly controlled his sugar level|
|72||4.00||nill||Lowest acceptable sugar level for random and fasting test, & doctor target for successful diabetes control|
|70||3.89||nill||Fair Hypoglycemia starts which means abnormal low sugar in blood|
|50||2.78||nill||Hypoglycemic person common signs and A higher heart rate than usual, coma is possible|
|30||1.67||nill||Critical low sugar level and very dangerous drop level coma can occur, fast hospitalization is must|
|10||0.56||nill||Clinically alive person sugar shouldn’t declined to that level|
FBG is for Fasting Blood Glucose test, optimal 6 – 8 hrs after last meal or measured morning right out of bed, Read more about fasting blood sugar levels
2hPPG is for 2 Hrs Postprandial Glucose test
Normal Level means sugar measurement in the blood is within healthy standard values
Target level means required sugar levels to say that diabetic control succeeded
Critical value is the most dangerous blood sugar level which harms many other body organs and requires fast clinical hospitalization
Hyperglycemia means high blood glucose results
Hypoglycemia means low blood glucose results
Type 1 Diabetes mellitus is a medical condition due to insulin insufficiency
Type 2 Diabetes mellitus is a medical condition where body cells do not receive glucose due to reasons not related to insulin hormone production.
Adults have either type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes, while Children usually have type 1 diabetes
Ketonuria is a condition when Ketone molecules appear in urinalysis due to diabetes or starvation or long hospitalization.
Target sugar levels table interpretation
Target level is the normal blood sugar levels a patient must adjust his/her glucose level to it.
Normal level means the glucose levels which restored naturally by the body regulation.
Note that after meal there is what called insulin shot which cause glucose to rise temporarily to 140 mg/dl or 7.8 mmol/L
Target normal glucose ranges map by Diabetes type in mg/dl
|Random glucose||Fasting glucose||2hpp glucose|
|Normal Healthy||72 – 150||72 – 100||72 – 140|
|Type 1 DM||Preferred FBG||72 – 126||under 162|
|Type 2 DM||Preferred FBG||72 – 126||under 153|
|Gestational diabetes||GTT is Preferred||72 – 126||under 140|
|Children type 1 DM||FBG more diagnostic||72 – 144||under 180|
|Sugar levels table for common diagnostic ranges|
|500 – 1000||Very serious sugar levels, longer period than some minutes without fast hospital admission means death.|
|108 – 126||Prediabetic level which suggests glucose impairment glycemia|
|72 – 125||Target blood sugar level for type 1, 2, for fasting test|
|72 – 144||Target type 1 DM for children for fasting test|
|30 – 70||Severe Hypoglycemia|
Hypoglycemia is the case commonly affect alcoholic persons and patients take insulin overdose, also high body demand or low energy source cause body to be hypoglycemic.
low blood sugar chart is simple compared to high sugar level chart
Serious low sugar level is under 50 mg/dl,
Critical sugar hypoglycemia level is 30 mg/dl it may be the death degree sugar level which need urgent medical decision.
Hypoglycemic person common sign is Sweating, Fatigue, Feeling dizzy, Feeling hungry, A higher heart rate than usual, confusion, and in extreme cases can develop coma and/or other complication as:
Impact on brain power
Dead in bed syndrome
Fasting glucose level should lies among 72 – 126 mg/dl (equivalent to 4 to 7 mmol/L)
2 hours after meal blood sugar level should be under 153 mg/dl (corresponding to 8.5 mmol/L)Target Glucose Levels for Type 1 diabetes mellitus
Fasting sugar levels 72 – 126 mg/dl (4 – 7 mol/L)
Postprandial sugar level should be any figure less than 162 mg/dl (9.0 mmol/L)
Target Glucose Level for Children type 1 DM
Normal desirable blood glucose level is from 72 to 144 mg/dl (or 4 – 8 mmol/L) for fasting sugar test, i.e. pre-prandial.
180 mg/dl (10 mmol/L) is the normal sugar level must not exceed for 2hPP Glucose test.
50 is the lower critical hypoglycemic value seen in both fasting and non-fasting glucose test results for all ages.
Prolonged 200 or higher is very serious and cause damage to kidney and body tissues
National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE)
International Diabetes Federation’s
American Diabetic Association recommends
However your doctor must target your ideal blood glucose level according to your lab results.
Mention you glucose number in the commenting for below, and get your results explained within 24hrs.